February 21, 2017

Commentary On a Tuesday Morning...



As such, I am a so-so blogger, a kind of lukewarm addict who now writes when the "Double-I's" - inspiration and initiative - hit me or taps me on my shoulder. Or, drops a brick upon my gray head because I have had a cornucopia of Catholic news that tends to do more than cause me to shake my head in disbelief. I say that because one has to do a bit more than shake their head at the raw stupidity of some supposedly learned individuals - whether lay or cleric - that seemingly turns a blind eye to all things One, Holy Catholic and Apostolic that pre-date Vatican II. It is truly like other bloggers and Catholic commentators have written, that the entire Church of the past 2,000 years - up to and including Our Lord Jesus Christ - had been getting it all wrong. Whether it be of mercy, of adultery, of social justice, of the need for frequent confession, of the 6th Commandment or even of the condemnation of those who eat and drink unworthily the Body and Blood of Our Lord Jesus Christ, it was only in the Church of post-Vatican II that truly brought the "true meaning" of Our Lord into all of the above and gave them their rightful emphasis in today's modern society.

Now we have to consider that:
  • there is no true Mercy unless it is the now oft-repeated "Francis Mercy", which in some cases comes at the expense of Justice; 
  • the de fide Commandment against adultery is still extant in today's 21st century catholic church - except in the world's diocese where it isn't;
  • the condemnation afforded to those who receive Holy Communion unworthily still stands in all the Catholic Bibles - excepting if you have applied the "internal forum" method of Confession in certain of the world's diocese as it pertains to adulterers;
  • there is still only the one declarative sentence against adultery inscribed in Commandment #6 - excepting in the world's diocese who now have sub-divided it into #6A, #6B, #6C, (etc, etc, etc, as needed);
  • those who follow the Catholic Bible and therefore the New Testament words of Our Lord Jesus Christ as they were spoken by Him and handed down from the Apostles are now condemned as unworthy reprobates for being too rigid in their thoughts and practices - even though these words came directly from Our Lord, Creator and King;
  • only by obeying unquestioningly the thoughts, ideas, directives, apostolic exhortations, interviews, homilies, orders, requests, suggestions or in-the-ear-whisper of the current Pope, can one be true to the Catholic Faith and gain heaven even though many of the above words openly contradict the very words of Our Lord Jesus Christ, previous Papal documents and/or the teachings of the One Holy Catholic and Apostolic Church. 

I probably wouldn't mind it so much if in doing and promulgating certain avantgarde teachings and Theology that the powers-that-would-be would rescind all the extant documents that are in direct contradiction with what they are proposing. If they do not, then they should have no true beef with those who choose not to follow such "progressive" directives and stay with what has always been. No one - whether Pope, Cardinal, priest or apologist - should be able to criticize any Catholic who speaks or writes against modernist tripe being promulgated by the current Pontificate because such individuals are not wrong. Why??? because....what was written formerly has not been rescinded or even placed on a forbidden index list of sorts and, therefore, is still valid.

So no high ranking cleric of the Modern Church truly has any leg to stand on in condemning those who choose to follow the One, Holy, Catholic and Apostolic Faith of Our Lord Jesus Christ as handed down to His Church through His Apostles to His Children on earth. They cannot call us neo-pelagian, heretical, rigid, conformists, unmerciful, (etcetera, etcetera, etcetera to the ad-nauseum degree) because we are not doing anything wrong and can get to Heaven as easily as they can. Well, maybe not so easily considering Our Lords comments about the narrow gate and the camel through the needles eye, but you know what I mean. 

Frankly, I simply wish they would all just shut up and stop spouting all the drivel that any Catholic with any type of sensus catholicus - whether it be a First Communicant, a Confirmand or a 60-years wed couple -  knows is just plain garbage.

Where is the Catholic Sanitation Department when you need them...


Copyright 2017 David Heath - All Rights Reserved

January 28, 2017

Just Some Relevant Thoughts on a Saturday Morning




Despite what goes on in Rome (or elsewhere in the world for that matter), the strings that control all are securely tied to the fingers of Our Lord. By his Will or Permission, men rule, make rules, and make mistakes, for ill or for good for the person or persons involved. 

This Pope has not been good for Catholics or the Church when he departs from its perennial teaching and mission; he is a bad ruler simply because of his patented "thug" methodology (other writers' term, but it is apropos) which at the very least is un-Catholic and un-Charitable; he has made "deplorable" those Catholics who hold fast to Our Lord's words and the Church's perennial teachings and Latin Mass, as if we were dumber than a box of rocks for doing so; he has made and promoted - implicitly or explicitly - rules that contradict the very words of God and Our Lord. I simply do not understand how any cleric wearing black, purple or red can simply brush that aside. Can they be that dumb or am I just a simpleton?

Regardless, the Pope needs our prayers and the Church clerics need to awaken from their lethargy. Until that happens, we need to stand with Our Lord when a conflict between man and God arises, for it is Him we all must answer to eventually, and I doubt He will accept the answer "Well, the Pope said it was OK for me to receive Communion without getting an annulment" or "The Bishop in our diocese allowed me to receive Communion while in an adulterous marriage without going to Confession". 

Confusion reigns supreme in the Church today. There seems to be little left of the 4 marks of the Church, for all have been assaulted in various ways for decades with no clear end in sight. 

Still, it is comforting to know where the strings that control all are secured, for it is the only security we seemingly have left. Where men will fail other men, themselves and the world, Our Lord will never fail His Church or those who strive to remain Faithful to His Teachings. 

Pray for Pope Francis, the Cardinals, the Bishops and priests for all are worthy of our prayers. We should remember well the words of Thomas a Kempis, "We are all frail but think none more frail than thyself". 


"Oremus pro Pontifice nostro Francisco: Dominus conservet eum, et vivificet eum, et beatum faciat eum in terra, et non tradat eum in animam inimicorum eius. Tu es Petrus, et super hanc petram ædificabo Ecclesiam Meam, et portæ inferi non prævalebunt adversus eam."



Copyright 2017 David Heath - All Rights Reserved

January 20, 2017

The Mensa Society, Catholic Dogma and Me





I don't think of myself as very smart or enlightened, but then that never stopped me from using my brain the way God intended either. The left and right hemisphere of my brain were not put there to just take up space, or to give the liquid that surrounds and protects it its own purpose. No, my brain was put there for me to exercise my reasoning and deductive powers in order to make informed decisions according to my Conscience, my Faith and my Civil duties.

I do not need a Political Action Committee to guide tell me who to vote for - I can do that myself by reading various articles, listening to the candidates, having discussions with family and friends and then making my decision. Fortunatley, it's really not that hard nowadays, for the pool of approved candidates is very thin. No Democrat will ever get my vote, even though they may espouse other causes I may hold dear, simply because the Democratic Party platform approves sucking the life of a child out of a Mother's womb. No Republican who prefers the status quo, is more concerned with protecting his/her gilded throne and who compromises their personal beliefs ("I'm personally against sucking the life of a child from the Mother's womb, but just can't force that belief upon my constituents!") will ever get my vote. 


Much the same goes for my Catholic Faith. I was taught the 10 Commandments, the Corporal and Spiritual Works of Mercy, the Seven Gifts of the Holy Ghost, the Seven Sacraments and the Old and New Testaments among other teachings, whether dogmatic or otherwise. To my knowledge, none of the aforementioned items have ever been abrogated or modified in any way. At least, I don't remember a "new" Moses a few centuries after the parting of the Red Sea coming down from Italy's Mt. Etna with a new and modernized set of 10 Commandments. Or is that what happened in 1962 ala Pope John XXIII and VII???


No, my dear modernist Bishops ...I don't need a Bishop Timmy-Johnny with his rainbow-colored vestments telling me how I should embrace sodomitical people and accompany them on their journey to Hell, and that I should never - and Bp. Timmy-Johnny means NEVER! - should I tell them that Eternal Hell is where they will wind up if they die unrepentant. 


Nor do I need Cardinal Effeminate telling me how those in irregular adulterous marriages and same-sex sodomitical relationships are deserving of the Holy Eucharist because they feel left out, abandoned or otherwise not "in communion" with Holy Mother Church and the rest of the rank-and-file parishioners. (They all are deserving of the Eucharist, and "full communion" assuming, of course, that they live chastely, go to confession, repent and make amends for any grievous sins.)


Oh, and I don't need that great bastion of Catholic Orthodoxy known as The Cardinals:Kasper & Marx LLC (and apparently, their fellow Fortune 500 collaborators, The Maltese Mafia PA, to assure me that there are now unique situations that changes a send-me-to-Hell adulterous marriage into a send-me-to-the-Communion-Rail-because-I'm-now-good adulterous marriage courtesy of Amoris Laetitia ("...and ya know, like, Christ can't do anything about it cause, you know, I Lurv Him and all that, and my unique situation was previously unknown in the Church and so I'm now good to go without all the added expense and headache of getting that pesky no-cost annulment from my diocese."


And I especially do not need a Pope Francis Bergoglio telling me day in and day out how much of an idiot I have been all these 63 years trying to live my Catholic Faith as it has always been taught and handed down the previous 2,013 years (for the most part, or at least until Vatican II); how I have been duped, dumbed down, led astray, lived in error; how I have misinterpreted the Bible, Christ's own words and the meaning behind St. Paul's correction of St. Peter. That everything I have been taught was taught incorrectly, that the God of surprises failed to surprise me or anyone else until March 13, 2013, and instead just left me to flap around in the darkness. Is it any wonder I never made it through college; never made a million dollars; never got to be the president of my own company - it's all because I've been duped into thinking I was a Faithful Catholic, fully understanding of my religion and what God and Our Lord expected of me. Now I find I've been a fool or been fooled. I am so-o-o-o-o glad  all of the above personages have brought me to a greater understanding of....


JUST HOW STUPID DO YOU THINK I AM?!?!?!?


I hate to be the bearer of bad tidings, my Dear Bishops, Cardinals and Pope, but it is not I who appears to be less than smart. It is readily apparent that some of you haven't a clue as to what the Catholic Faith teaches; what Our Lord said about divorce or that he raised marriage between a man and a woman to a Sacrament. You must not know the 6th commandment condemns adultery in no uncertain terms and that its author - God Himself - cannot teach error. But obviously, you can, have and are. I don't know where you got your seminary training or who taught religion to you, but they sure as hell did not know what the hell they were talking about. I know a group of elementary and middle school children who could run rings and loop-de-loops around the lot of you if you were brave enough to take them on in a debate. And why wouldn't they? They have 2,000 years of Objective Truth they can reference, whereas you have what? 50 or 60 years of watered down Catholicism based upon emotions and subjective truth? No contest, I am afraid. 


You do know that most Faithful Catholics read the headlines that your words and actions produce and simply shake their head and laugh - and then continue on following the immutable Truth of Our Lord Jesus Christ? You know that, right? 


Oh! and thanks to you, my IQ has now risen to such stature that I have (1) applied to the MENSA Society for membership as my IQ most certainly must be quadrupled compared to yours; (2) applied to the Massachusetts Institute of Technology for my Doctorate in Math. This is by virtue of my complete understanding of the complex mathematical formula 2 + 2 = 4; and (3) received my Doctorate in Theology, courtesy of Dr. Ludwig Ott and Tan Books (see my Doctorate Book at the beginning of this post, awarded to me via US Mail in 2015). I use this whenever you write, speak or otherwise promulgate anything to do with the Catholic Faith. It is the first book I grab after reading or hearing what you've written, spoken or promulgated and compare them against what Dr. Ott has written - if it matches with my Dogma Doctorate, then I agree and will follow you. But when if it does not match, then I simply follow my Doctorate Book, my Sensus Catholicus and the Bible. I can't go wrong with them, for they are all based upon the immutable truth of the Catholic Faith.


All of you need to recuse yourself from teaching, speaking or promulgating anything to do with the Catholic Faith, let alone anything doing with the secular world. Why? Because it is clear that you are far, far, far away from having the required reason and clarity with which to proclaim anything, except that, maybe, you are hungry and to please feed me. 

I suppose you are unaware that the Catechism of the Catholic Church clearly states that "It belongs to the perfection of the moral or human good that the passions be governed by reason."? Or have you forgotten that in light of your own subjective "reasoning"? To be sure, it is clear to any with even a basic knowledge of Catholicism 101 that your subjective passions lead you...and lead you astray. Too bad you are unable - or is it unwilling? - to know and understand that??

Regardless of your human frailties, you all remain in my prayers, mainly for your conversion back to the One True Faith as it has always been taught and handed down since the time of Our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ. Who, incidentally, is the True Head of the One, Holy, Catholic and Apostolic Church to which you are just caretakers and shepherds. 

I respectfully suggest you think about your stewardship when the Chief Shepherd comes back and asks you for the accounting of his patrimony from you. What will you have left to offer him?

"For a bishop must be without crime, as the steward of God: not proud, not subject to anger, not given to wine, no striker, not greedy of filthy lucre: But given to hospitality, gentle, sober, just, holy, continent: Embracing that faithful word which is according to doctrine, that he may be able to exhort in sound doctrine, and to convince the gainsayers. For there are also many disobedient, vain talkers, and seducers: especially they who are of the circumcision:Who must be reproved, who subvert whole houses, teaching things which they ought not, for filthy lucre' s sake. One of them a prophet of their own, said, The Cretians are always liars, evil beasts, slothful bellies. This testimony is true. Wherefore rebuke them sharply, that they may be sound in the faith; Not giving heed to Jewish fables and commandments of men, who turn themselves away from the truth. All things are clean to the clean: but to them that are defiled, and to unbelievers, nothing is clean: but both their mind and their conscience are defiled.They profess that they know God: but in their works they deny him; being abominable, and incredulous, and to every good work reprobate."

Copyright 2017 David Heath - All Rights Reserved

December 25, 2016

Merry Christmas 2016 (and Kaylee Rogers "Hallelujah")

Merry Christmas To All! May the Blessings of the Christ Child bring to all a Holy and Joyous New Year!



And here is my gift to you...an amazingly beautiful rendition of Leonard Cohen's "Hallelujah" as performed by 10 year old Kaylee Rogers of County Down, Ireland. Reading the commentary on Youtube that accompanies the video makes her and her performance all the more amazing...enjoy!







Copyright 2016 David Heath - All Rights Reserved

December 18, 2016

O Holy Night

Insofar as my personal favorite Christmas Hymns go, "O Holy Night" has to rank up near the top, if not at the top. Perhaps it is the lyrics themselves, but more likely than not, it is simply a few key words that seem to strike the chord in my Immortal Soul, as a reminder of where I belong and what I must do in order to gain Heaven: "Fall on your knees!" Yes, we must all fall on our knees and debase ourselves at the foot of the Christ Child's crib, lest we fall forever into the Eternal Pit in later life.

Though not a truly Catholic hymn, it was nevertheless first read in a Catholic Church in 1843, so done because the priest pastor asked its author,  Placide Cappeau, a hometown native and French Poet, to write a Christmas poem as the church organ was broken. Soon after, Adolphe Adam, the noted French composer and music critic, set it to music.  Unitarian minister John Sullivan Dwight created the modern sung version back in 1855. So, though it was written for a Catholic Church service by (here I assume) a Catholic poet, it only came to prominence via the hand of a Protestant minister. Another "God writes straight with crooked lines" moment in Church musical history, in my opinion, and thus was it elevated above the mere normal Christian holiday song and remains a truly Catholic one able to touch my Soul.

I came across the below You Tube video just this morning, after Mass. I've struggled of late trying to find something worthwhile to write about, even though both Canon 212 and Pewsitter are full of headlines that turns one stomach in disgust and would ably serve as fodder for my less-than-adequate commentary for the week. But, in this week before Christmas, I am glad I found something a bit different to share with my readers, in both song and story - and I dare say, a most sublime and beautiful Catholic rendition of both.

Enjoy!












Copyright 2016 David Heath - All Rights Reserved

December 6, 2016

Just Do It Already!!!

I'm not stupid. 

With that declarative sentence, I must explain why I am so confident that I am not stupid. I am, after all, a Baby-Boomer: born in the late 50's; a product of the 60''s radicalization; a 70's agnostic when it came to Vatican II; an 80's ho-hum Catholic (at least until the early-decade when my parents re-introduced me to the Tridentine Mass). I have a well-formed conscience, an engaging thought process, an innate ability to see through subterfuge, and can spot a wolf-in-sheep's-clothing from 1-1/2 miles out. I am a confirmed Soldier of Christ (as well as a former USAF Veteran of 15-plus years of service). I manage to balance my checkbook each month, add to my savings weekly, pray my daily Rosary and kneel in the Confessional monthly (admittedly, it sometimes stretches a bit more, despite having weekly reminders from my Google Calendar.) My employer has enough confidence in my thought and technical service prowess that I can write a company check for $6,000 to settle a customer dispute, and not have to get upper-management clearance before I do. So, no...I am most definitely not stupid. 

It is too bad the clerics in Rome, and  probably most of the worlds Bishops think I am. They must believe this in their black heart-of-hearts, for it can be explained in no other manner. They truly believe that I can have no true understanding of what "One, Holy Catholic and Apostolic" means; that I can have no true understanding of what the 6th and 9th Commandments truly mean; that I can have no true understanding of the meaning of Christ's definitive and declarative spoken words as handed down from His Apostles; or that I am simply incapable of having the proper love, compassion, and mercy to my fellow man because I am so rigid in my Catholicity-of-old. They all - up to and including the Pope, the man-in-white-with-black-shoes, Francis - think of me as a lemming; an obstinate jackass; a domesticated turkey who doesn't even know how to get back into his pen and who dies of starvation because he can't remember where the damn gate is...

No, your Greatnesses. I am not stupid, but you all are. You are stupid to think that I don't see beyond your gilded cages and corrupted minds; that most of you are protecting your turfs, your positions and your reputations. You believe yourselves to be above reproach because you have a few letters of the alphabet behind your names, or your name on a Dicastery door. You hobnob with the known enemies of the Catholic Faith, laugh robustly at their jokes at a secular dinner and shake their hands as they present you with a 5 or 6 figure check for the "poor" (read:your - and not necessarily the Catholic Church's- favorite cause célèbre).

I don't need what you believe you are in sole possession of - a brain. I already have one, complete with right reason (read:Conscience) already installed. So I don't need you to 
re-interpret for me what Christ said from the Cross ("Father forgive them..."), what He said to Mary Magdalene ("Go...and sin no more...") or what I believe are his most important words relative to our modern times: For what doth it profit a man, if he gain the whole world, and suffer the loss of his own soul? Or what exchange shall a man give for his soul?

I already know that you are wrong in promoting Communion for the divorced and remarried sans annulment and without reparation and amendment; I already know that those who delude themselves into believing that what you are promoting is good and holy are potentially dooming their Souls, and also that you share in that culpability; I already know that you are subverting the laws and regulations of this country when you openly advocate universal open-borders, but yet fail in your duties to continually and prolifically defend human life with the same fervor. Where are the weekly, media-invited, pro-life marches to the local abortuary, with you and your fellow Bishops heroically distributing Holy Communion to the kneeling Faithful during the weekly open-air Mass and Benediction?? Hmmmmm???

No...I actually laugh at you, to be honest. I mean, how gullible can you be? How invertebrate can you be? How uncaring can you be? How un-Godlike can you be? In sum, just how stupid can you be? You have been entrusted to lead Souls to God, for God, and into Heaven. And instead many of you are, judging from your public words and actions, trying imperiously to lead them into perdition - gullible sheep being led by gullible shepherds in a gullible man-centered modern world that crumbles all around you. For supposedly smart men, you are surprisingly stupid, and more so to think that there are not going to be consequences for leading the sheep entrusted to you astray. 

Although in your eyes I am but a stupid and gullible Catholic, in the eyes of Our Lord Jesus Christ I remain true to His words and teachings (or try to despite my frailties). As well, I shall always remain true to you and to all you preach and teach when you follow what He has taught and that He has handed down to you. When you veer away from that, I will not follow; when you preach and teach the direct opposite of what has always been taught, I will not follow. When you tell me I am sinning just because I hold fast to what has always been taught, I will tell you that you are wrong; and if you tell me I am sinning by trying to convert a friend, acquaintance or even an enemy to the One True Faith, I will probably spit in your face in disgust. 

But beyond all of the above, you can be assured that I will continue to pray for your conversion back to the One True Faith. For many of you are not acting like you have a modicum of it left and truly need the prayers. I actually feel sorry for you...I just cannot yet believe that those so learned can be so stupid as to think they are doing God's Will by subverting the 6th and 9th Commandment or denying the Roman Catholic Church's supremacy over all other religions. I would rather have a cadre of St. John Vianney's leading the Catholic Church than you...at least they wouldn't be so impressed with their education that they believe themselves smarter than the sheep they lead.

I wish you would remember that the gates of Hell shall not prevail against the One True Faith...it would make Catholic Life so much easier to live. But then again, I think we all tend to forget that the life of Our Lord Jesus Christ was not a bouquet of Roses either. How many have forgotten The Passion, what it entailed and what Our Lord endured, in order to save Souls?

Why can't you just shut-up and get back to what you were ordained to do all those many years ago? Why can't you just go and smell your sheep, instead of licking boots? Why not sacrifice a laugh or two or three at the Al Smith Dinner for the humble prayers and gratitude of your flock as they see you kneel with them in the rain at the local abortion facility in early Spring, drenched and shivering in the cold March air? Why can't you just be a simple Bishop, or Cardinal or even Pope and live up the the Trust and Confidence your Blessed Lord displayed in you when he gave you the privilege of the Miter and Crozier? 

If HE can so humble Himself as to hang from His infamous gibbet, who are you not to?



Copyright 2016 David Heath - All Rights Reserved

November 28, 2016

The Catholic Thing: Silence of the Lions

"What is the use of bishops?"

"By no means can we say that bishops always fail us; nor even when they fall silent are we necessarily left to fend for ourselves. God finds others who step forward to give the example. Too, it should be said that we ourselves are entitled, by the grace of our baptism, to step forward – to vindicate the good and the true; to condemn their opposites. But such acts are uncommon."

And so...David Warren writes the above in a recent article posted at The Catholic Thing this past weekend. Indeed, where are all the Bishops, united as one voice against the subversive, quasi-heretical (or even heretical, as in the pages of Amoris Laetitia) teachings, interviews, etc coming out of Rome. When there is glaring conflict between what has always been taught and what is now being promulgated - when there is glaring conflict between what has always been said by Our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ and Pope Francis (or Cardinals Kasper, Marx and Schönborn LLC), it has been left to the Sheep - many of whom are, in effect, Shepardless in their own diocese with only a BINO* for moral support - to sound the Moral trumpets that will, instead of tumbling down Jericho's walls, actually reinforce them. Michael Matt, Louis Verrecchio, John Vennari, Mundabor- these are just a sampling the sheep who are constantly warning - and many times even prophetically so - the Faithful of those dangers to the Faith that swirl and eddy around us almost constantly nowadays.

And so, David Warren rightly asks: "What is the use of Bishops?" It is more or less the same question I have asked many times before (here, here, here, here), but I have yet to discover the answer. Nor has Mr. Warren, apparently, but he, like many other Catholic writers and bloggers, does ask the right question. 

Click on the quotes above or the link below and read for yourself and see if you don't agree: "What is the use of Bishops?"

Silence of the Lions



*Bishop In Name Only


Copyright 2016 David Heath - All Rights Reserved

November 27, 2016

Cardinal Dolan's Edifying Example of Leadership

From Gloria TV News:




Here are 5 takeaways from this photo, from the perspective of a common, ordinary pewsitter:

1. Cardinal Dolan is immune from the potentiality of placing oneself in a near occasion of sin.
    
     1a. Cardinal Dolan is smelling the sheep, but obviously not trying to proselytize, ala Pope Francis.

2. Cardinal Dolan is immune from the effects of immodestly dressed women upon his trap-door conscience.

    2a.Cardinal Dolan is taking lessons from professional dancers for his upcoming appearance on DWTS (Dancing With the Stars).

3. Cardinal Dolan is being a good shephard and showing by example just how far he we men can go (notice the hand; how his eyes are facing straight forward; mouth contorted; pectoral cross prominently displayed) in remaining pure and chaste, without compromising one's Conscience.      

     3a. Cardinal Dolan is concerned he missed a key dance move that might eliminate him in Round 2 of DWTS.

4. Cardinal Dolan is leading by example and showing his priests (and fellow Cardinals) just how far he they can go without giving scandal and risk being sent off into forced labor as chaplain to a diocesan elder care facility (or some out-of-the-limelight posting to, say...Malta).

    4a. Cardinal Dolan is not really all that good a Dancer and the DWTS judges will soon find this out. 

5. Cardinal Dolan is a scandal to his Priests and Faithful. 

    5a. Cardinal Dolan doesn't give a crap what others think of him as the leader of 2.8 million Catholics.


Or, am I being to judgemental? Rigid? Insecure? 


Copyright 2016 David Heath - All Rights Reserved